# NCERT Solutions Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Motion and Time

**1. Classify the following as motion along a straight line, circular or oscillatory motion:**

**(i) Motion of your hands while running.**

**(ii) Motion of a horse pulling a cart on a straight road.**

**(iii) Motion of a child in a merry-go-round.**

**(iv) Motion of a child on a see-saw.**

**(v) Motion of the hammer of an electric bell.**

**(vi) Motion of a train on a straight bridge.**

**Solution:**

i) Oscillatory

ii) Motion along a straight line

iii) Circular motion

iv) Oscillatory motion

v) Oscillatory motion

vi) Motion along a straight line.

**2. Which of the following is not correct?**

**(i) The basic unit of time is second.**

**(ii) Every object moves with a constant speed.**

**(iii) Distances between two cities are measured in kilometres.**

**(iv) The time period of a given pendulum is constant.**

**(v) The speed of a train is expressed in m/h.**

**Solution:**

Incorrect statements are:

(ii) Every object moves with a constant speed.

(iv) The time period of a given pendulum is constant.

(v) The speed of a train is expressed in m/h.

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**3. A simple pendulum takes 32 s to complete 20 oscillations. What is the time period of the pendulum?**

**Solution:**

Number of oscillations = 20

Total time taken to complete 20 oscillations = 32 s

**4. The distance between the two stations is 240 km. A train takes 4 hours to cover this distance. Calculate the speed of the train.**

**Solution:**

Distance between two stations = 240 km

Total time take = 4 hrs/240 minutes

= 60 km/h

**5. The odometer of a car reads 57321.0 km when the clock shows the time 08:30 AM. What is the distance moved by the car, if at 08:50 AM, the odometer reading has changed to 57336.0 km? Calculate the speed of the car in km/min during this time. Express the speed in km/h also.**

**Solution:**

Initial reading of the odometer = 57321.0

The final reading of the odometer = 57336.0

Distance covered by the car = Final reading of the odometer â€“ Initial reading of the odometer

= 57336.0 â€“ 57321.0 = 15 km

The starting time of the car is 8:30 and it stops at 8:50

Hence, time is taken by car = 20 mins

= 45 km/h

**6. Salma takes 15 minutes from her house to reach her school on a bicycle. If the bicycle has a speed of 2 m/s, calculate the distance between her house and the school.**

**Solution:**

Time taken by Salma to reach her school by bicycle = 15 mins= 15 x 60 = 90 s

Speed of Salmaâ€™s bicycle= 2m/s

Distance covered = speed x time taken

= 2 x 900 = 1800 m

1000m = 1 km

= 1.8 km

**7. Show the shape of the distance-time graph for the motion in the following cases:**

**(i) A car moving at a constant speed.**

**(ii) A car parked on a side road.**

**Solution:**

**8. Which of the following relations is correct?**

**(i) Speed = Distance Ã— Time**

**(ii) Speed = Distance/Time**

**(iii) Speed = Time/Distance**

**(iv) Speed = 1/Distance x Time**

**Solution:**

The answer is (ii) Speed = Distance/Time

**9. The basic unit of speed is:**

**(i) km/min**

**(ii) m/min**

**(iii) km/h**

**(iv) m/s**

**Solution:**

The answer is (iv) m/s

**10. A car moves at a speed of 40 km/h for 15 minutes and then with a speed of 60 km/h for the next 15 minutes. The total distance covered by the car is:**

**(i) 100 km (ii) 25 km (iii) 15 km (iv) 10 km**

**Solution:**

The answer is (ii) 25 km

Calculation:

**When the speed of the car is 40 km/h**

Time taken = 15 min = 15/60 = 0.25 h

Distance covered d_{1} = speed x time taken

= 40 x 0.25 = 10 km

When the speed of the car is 60 km/ h

Distance covered d_{2} = speed x time taken

= 60 x 0.25= 15 km

Total distance covered by the car = d_{1} + d_{2}

= 10 + 15

= 25 km

**11. Suppose the two photographs, shown in Fig. 13.1 and Fig. 13.2, had been taken at an interval of 10 seconds. If a distance of 100 metres is shown by 1 cm in these photographs, calculate the speed of the fastest car.**

**Solution:**

The distance covered by the blue car (as evident from the photograph) from one horizontal white strip to another, which is measured by scale is 1.2 cm.

It is given that 1 cm is equivalent to 100 m.

Therefore, 1.2 cm is equivalent to 120 m.

Distance travelled by the car = 120 m

Time taken to cover this distance = Time interval between the two photographs = 10 s

= 120/10

= 12 m/s

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**12. Fig. 13.15 shows the distance-time graph for the motion of two vehicles A and B. Which one of them is moving faster?**

**Solution:**

Vehicle A is moving faster than vehicle B.

**13. Which of the following distance-time graphs shows a truck moving with a speed which is not constant?**

**Solution:**

The answer is iii)